Banaras was a thriving sector of cotton textile industries in the sixteenth century. The earliest mention of the brocade and Zari textiles of Banaras is found in the 19th century. With the migration of silk weavers from Gujarat during the famine of 1603, it is likely that silk brocade weaving started in Banaras in the seventeenth century and developed in excellence during the 18th and 19th century. During the Mughal period, around 14th century, weaving of these silk sarees with intricate designs using gold and silver threads became the specialty of Banaras.
Types of Banarasi Sarees:
Banarasi sarees are divided into four main categories: pure silk (Katan), Organza (Kora) with Zari and silk, Georgette and Shattir, Based on the design process, these sarees are divided into categories like, Jangla, Tanchoi, Cutwork, Tissue and Butidar.
Features of Banarasi Sarees:
Sarees from Banaras differ in their kinds and draping styles. But what is common among these varieties of sarees is the pallu of saree. In color contrasts and extra ornate zari work, it is the main attention puller in this magnificent piece of attire. Other features include compact weaving, gold work, metallic visual effects and mina work. Banarasi silk sarees that have a rich and classy air to them continue to be Indian women’s favorite for special occasions.